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phase parametrization in $\cos(x+p)=\cos x$

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We obtain a single equation to parametrization of phase's angle $p$ for the periodic cosine function when the typical condition $\cos(x+p)=cos x$ is satisfied. Without losing generality, we will restrict the discussion to the case $0\leq x \leq 2\pi$. We starting setting $\cos x=t$, so that $-1\leq t\leq 1$ is the interval of definition for the real parameter $t$. Next we expand out
\cos(x+p)=\cos x\cos p-\sin x\sin p,
where we introduce $t$ and apply the assumed condition to get
t\cos p-\sqrt{1-t^2}\sin p=t.
This leads to a quadratic equation in $\cos p$ on terms of parameter $t$, i.e.
\cos^2p(t)-2t^2\cos p(t)+(2t^2-1)=0.
\cos p(t)=t^2\pm (t^2-1).
One root has to do with the trivial $\cos(x+2\pi)=\cos x$, but we are interested on the nontrivial one
\cos p(t)=2t^2-1, \qquad -1}(0,0)(-2.2,-1.5)(2.3,2.5)
\psplot[linecolor=green]{-1}{-0.707}{2 x x mul mul 1 sub}
\psplot[linecolor=red]{-0.707}{0.707}{2 x x mul mul 1 sub}
\psplot[linecolor=green]{0.707}{1}{2 x x mul mul 1 sub}
\rput(1.1,1.3){$y = 2t^2-1$}

Inverse function of (1) is the wanted parametrization $p(t)$, with codomain $[0,\pi]$ and locus the \emph{``arabian dome''} below shown.{\footnote{Graphics by \emph{pahio}, with permission.}} \\ \\

\psplot[linecolor=blue]{-1}{1}{2 x mul x mul 1 sub arccos 3.1416 mul 180 div}
\rput(1.8,2.2){$p = \arccos(2t^2-1)$}