safe prime

Given a prime q, if q-12=p, where p is another prime numberMathworldPlanetmath, then q is a safe prime. It follows that q-1=2p (and thus a semiprime) and p is a Sophie Germain primeMathworldPlanetmath.

Every safe prime matches to a Sophie Germain prime this way, and some safe primes are Sophie Germain primes themselves too, matching to yet another safe prime. A set of primes linked in this way is called a Cunningham chainMathworldPlanetmath of the first kind. For example, 2, 5, 11, 23, 47. With Pocklington’s criterion, one can prove the primality of a safe prime if one has first proven the primality of its matching Sophie Germain prime.

The first few safe primes are 5, 7, 11, 23, 47, 59, 83, 107, 167, 179, 227, … These are listed in A005385 of Sloane’s OEIS. As of 2010, the largest known safe prime is 183027×2265441-1.

Safe primes have been used in various methods of cryptography, but the safety of their use depends not just on these mathematical properties but also on their being large enough that their multiplesMathworldPlanetmath can’t be factored in a reasonable period of time by contemporary computers.

0.1 External links on the largest known Sophie Germain prime from the Prime Pages.

Title safe prime
Canonical name SafePrime
Date of creation 2013-03-22 15:49:31
Last modified on 2013-03-22 15:49:31
Owner PrimeFan (13766)
Last modified by PrimeFan (13766)
Numerical id 7
Author PrimeFan (13766)
Entry type Definition
Classification msc 11A41